Thursday, October 21, 2010


Thiruvananthapuram is the capital of Kerala state. This ancient city was the spiritual centre of Travancore kings since 11th century and became their capital in 1750.
Sri. Padmanabhaswamy Temple
The 16th century shrine of Lord Vishnu as Sri. Padmanabhaswamy is the most conspicuous landmark of the city. Situated near KSRTC Busstabd at East Fort. Only Hindus are allowed inside the temple.

Kuthiramalika(Puthenmalika), Palace Museum
Situated near Padmanabhaswamy temple. This marvellous speciman was built by Maharaja Swathi Thirunal Balarama Varma and used to flourish his artistic thoughts and ideas.It exhibits rare and invaluable collection of the royal family of travancore.
The Government Art/Napier Museum
Situated amidst the beautiful meadows of the Observatory hills. Built by an English architect in honour of Lord Napier, Governer of Madras, in the year 1880. It has a good collection of archaeological and historic artefacts, bronze idols, ancient ornaments, a temple chariot, ivory carvings, sculptures, musical instruments, four centuries old clock and zoological specimens.
Zoological Gardens
Situated between Palayam and Vellayambalam. It is one of the pioneer zoos in india and is also regarded as the best-laid out zoo in Asia. The Zoo is set in a forest like landscape
Situated 15 Km south of trivandrum city. This internationaly renowned beach has been favourite haunt of tourists since long past and regarded as one of the finest beach resort of the world. Anybody can take a seabath without fear. The beach is ideal for surfing and water skiing.
The nearest airport: Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) Airport.
The nearest railway: Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) Central Station.


This is an oldest industrial centre of Kerala. It had trade with The Arab, China, Portugese, etc. It has beautiful backwaters, lovely lakes, picturesque mountains, lush forests, fertile plains with vast green fields producing tropical crops. It was the largest port in the world and its market as one of the finest in India. It is still an important centre for cashew trading and processing and coir manufacturing.
Kollam is connected by road and rail by important cities and tourist places in Kerala. The nearest airport is at Thiruvananthapuram about 71 km.
Ashtamudi Lake:
It is the second largest and famous lake in Kerala with full of scenic beauty. The lake is named 'Ashtamudi' as it branches off into 8 creeks. The marvellous house boats offer the enchanting beauty of the lakes, canals and bound villages.
It is about 5 Kms. from Kollam and is known for the churches and bungalows built by Portugese. The 144 feet high light house is the special attraction of the town. The power light from the light house can be visible upto 29 kms. It can be visited between 3.00pm to 5.00pm.
It is 34 km north of Kollam town that the unique Parabrahma Temple is situated. The temple has no idol, no diety and is dedicated to the 'Universal consciousness' instead. Ochira Kali in middle of June and Panthrandu Vilakku in November are the two main festivals celebrated here. Ochira kali is a mock fight enacted between groups of men, highlighting their martial skills.The Panthranwdu Vilakku which means twelve lamps is a festival which last for 12 days.
Matha Amrithananthamayi Ashram:
The Ashram of Matha Amrithananthamayi situated at Amrithapuri near Vallikkavu is also the headquarters of the Matha's Ashram. The ashram can be reached by boat, there is also a road link. Sasthamkotta:- This is an important pilgrim spot29 km from Kollam where the ancient Sastha temple is situated. this town is also famous for Sasthamkotta Lake, which is the only fresh water lake in the state.

Palaruvi Waterfalls:
Located at about 75 kms. from Kollam is a major picnic spot. As name suggests, the waterfalls give an impression of flowing milk.
Picnic Village:
This centre of recreational activities is located at Ashramam, along the backwater front. The tourist complex has a 200 year old Govt. guest house, a tourist boat club, an adventure park, a traffic park for children imparting the important knowledge of traffic rules and a Yathri Nivas.
Jatayu Para:
This is a huge rock at Chadayamangalam. It has a mythological importance. The history says, after his battle with Ravana to save Sita, he made his last breath at this rock and thus named Jatayu para.


It is a well-known district for communal and cultural harmony. There are many churches, temples and mosques built in close proximity. There are number of temples including the Lord Ayyappa at Sabarimala where thousands of pilgrims reach during the Makara Jyothi festival. Achan Kovil, Manimala and Pamba are the three important rivers that flow through this district. The Pamba river merges beautifully with two other rivers giving the place, the name 'Thriveni Sangamam' which means 'the confluence of three Rivers'.


This is well known pilgrim centre of India in Kerala state. It lies 181 Km north of Trivandrum and 210 km away from Ernakulam (Cochin). The holy shrine dedicated to Lord Ayyappa is situated 914 metre above the sea level amidst dense forests in the rugged terrains of the Western Ghats. 


It is situated on the banks of the sacred Pampa river, 10 km from Chengannur on the Trivandrum-Kottayam road. The Parthasarathi temple here is dedicated to Lord Krishna and attracts many devotees and is an important pilgrim centre of Kerala. The town is also famous for Aranmula Uthrattadi Vallamkali, a snake boat race, which is held on the annual commemoration of the week long Onam festival. It is also famous for its hand made mirrors of polished metal called 'Aranmula Kannadi'.


The holy town include The Valiakoikal temple on the banks of the river Achenkovil bears resemblance to the Lord Ayyappa Temple at Sabarimala. The pilgrims on their way to Sabarimala customarily worship here since this is the place according to the legends, where Lord Ayyappa, on his human incarnation, was born as the son of the King of Pandalam. As part of the festival formalities, the ornaments of Lord Sree Ayyappa are taken in a grand procession, teemed with ardent devotees, from here to Sabarimala, three days in advance of the famous 'Holy Makaravilaku festival'..


The place is famed by the presence of Malankara Marthoma Syrian Church headquarters. the wall paintings of the Paliakara Church here are extraordinary. Kathakali performances are part of the daily routines in or probably only in the 'Sree Vallaba Temple here'.


This place about 13 km from Adoor is where the renowned freedom fighter Veluthampi Dalava whoc hailed from Travancore, spent his last days. this is also the venue of folklore and Folk arts Institute of Kerala.


This is 5 Km away from Thiruvalla on the banks of Manimala river. Here is a temple dedicated to Sri. Hanuman stands on a small hill and has been built in the gable style of architecture peculiar to Kerala. One more rock-cut temple 1.5 Km away from the Kaviyur temple, whis is of great archeological importance. The temple has been assigned to the 18th century due to its close resemblances to the Pallava style. It is about 20 feet broad and the central shrine is a square cell with a rock cut 'Sivalinga'. Two inscriptions engraved on the central shrine are dated to the Kali era. The stone figures engraved in this temple are among the earliest specimens of stone culture. This temple is now preserved as a historical monument by the Archeological department.

Maramon convention:

this place is the holy sight of the christians where thousands of them from all over the world congregate for a huge religious convention. It is held in February. this is perhaps the christian convention of maximum turnout in the whole of Asia.


About 10 Km from Thiruvalla, the place is known for the grand festival Ormaperunal which means commemoration day. It is the commemoration of 'Mar Gregorious Metropolitan', the deckared saint of Malankara Orthodox Church, celebrated on the 1st and 2nd of November every year.


This is the place where thousands of Hindu Congregate, usually in February every year and perform an important religious ritual on the river bed of the Holy Pamba.


Here the oldest Christian church, believed to be built by the Apostle St. Thomas in AD. 52, is situated.


This is a famous water fall situated in the Pathanamthitta District. The water flows down on the rocks into a sixty to one hundred feet deep. This falls is 36 km from Pathanamthitta via Vachoochira.


Alappuzha (Alleppy) is famous for it's backwaters. Alappuzha 'The Venice of the East' is endowed with exceptional natural beauty and emerged as a major tourist destination of the Kerala. The entire district teems with an array of rivers, canals and lakes ideal for boat cruise. Alappuzha is also famous for boat races, houseboats, beaches, marine products and coir industry.
Alappuzha Beach
This is a beautiful beach and the Vijaya Beach Park is an added attraction. The Seaview Park here has boating facilities and a swimming pool.
Nehru Trophy Boat Race
The most competitive and popular boat race is held on the second Saturday of August every year at the Punnamda Lake and is the most important tourist event of Alappuzha. The highlight of this prestigious event is the competition of snake boats ("Chundan Vallam"), the 130 feet long snake boats with over 100 rowers, 4 helmsmen and 25 cheer leaders decorated with colourful silk umbrellas. The race is also held during the tourist season on the third day of the Great Elephant March in mid January, and is called as 'Tourism Snake boat Race'. This is one of the main event in Alappuzha Tourist Destinations

The Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple
The pilgrim centre 14 km. from Alappuzha. Ambalapuzha temple is famous for its temple architecture and the milk porridge - 'Paalpaayasam'. This temple is one of the most important in Alappuzha Tourist Destinations
Arthunkal Church
Arthunkal one of the oldest Christian churches in Kerala is 22 km. north of Alappuzha. The St. Andrews church here was built by Portuguese missionaries. The annual feast of St. Sebastian is held in January.
Krishnapuram Palace
The magnificent palace is situated at Kayamkulam 47 km. from Alappuzha on the way to Kollam. The palace is a master piece of Kerala architecture with gabled roofs, dormer windows and narrow corridors and so on. The palace also houses one of the largest single panel Mural paintings, discovered in Kerala known as 'Gajendra Moksha', which measures 53 sq.ft in area. A museum inside the palace, displays antique sculptures and paintings.
The region is referred as the Rice Bowl of Kerala because of the wealth of paddy crops is at the very heart of the backwaters. A unique feature of Kuttanad is that many of the fields are below sea level. It is perhaps the only region in the world where farming is done below sea level. The boat trip to Changanacherry passes through this beautiful and fertile region.
the verdant island located in the Vembanad lake is the first island resort of the State. The green island is an ideal place for a break in the journey while on a backwater cruise. The island is accessible only by boat from Kumarakom and Muhamma. The island attracts rare migratory birds from various parts of the world.
Nearest Railway Station Alappuzha
Nearest Airport. Nedumbassery (Kochi


Kottayam is the first totally literate town in India. It is one of the most industrially developed districts of Kerala and one of the largest producers of rubber, tea, pepper and cardamom. The city is also reffered as 'Mecca of Publishing industry' in Kerala state, as a number of Malayalam Newspapers, periodicals are published from here.
This beautiful village is located at the banks of Vembanad lake, filled with greenish paddy fields, mangrove forests and coconut groves. The famous snake boat races are held in Vembanad lake during the Onam celebration.
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary: The beautiful Bird Sanctuary on the bank of Vembanad lake spreads over 14 acres of blue waters. Some of the migratory birds seen here are Siberian Stork, darter, egret, heron and teal. Some of the common varieties are skylark, woodpecker, crane, and parrots.
Kumarakon is 15 km away from Kottayam town

Ettumanur Mahadeva Temple:
Ettumanoor Temple is situated 12 km north of Kottayam. The mural paintings of the temple and the ezharaponnana are famous. The Ezharaponnana Ezhunnallathu lasts for 10 days in Feb/March.
Dakshina mookambika Saraswathy Temple:
This temple dedicated to Goddess Saraswathy- the Goddess of Arts and Learning is situated here. It is located at 10 kms. from Kottayam at Panachikkadu. The temple is famous for Navarathri festival.
Bharananganam: It is known for an ancient church, which houses mortal remains of St.Alphonsa (1916-1946)
St. Mary's Orthodox Church, Cheriyapalli:
It was built in 1579, by the Portugese under the patronage of the local raja. The church is a blend of temple and Portugese architecture.
St. Mary's Church, Valiyapalli:
Situated at Mannarkkad, 8kms from Kottayam, this church is dedicated to St. Mary. This is one of the most important churches of the Malankara Syrian Christians.
Pathiramanal, which means sands of midnight, is a wonderful island on the backwaters. According to mythology a young Brahmin one, dived into the Vembanad lake to perform his evening ablutions and the water made way for the land to rise from below to form this beautiful island, which is now filled with a variety of migratory birds from different parts of the world.


Idukki, the hilly district of Kerala, is filled with beautiful valleys, abundant forests gorgeous water falls, etc. The district is also the "Power House " of Kerala. This district having the largest hydroelectric power station at Moolamattom. The district is well-known for tea industry and pepper. Anamalai, the highest south indian peak is situated here.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary:
The beautiful sanctuary is located on the Munnar - Udumalpettu road about 70 kms. away from Munnar. It was established in 1984, and is home to wide range of wildlife species.
Eravikulam - Rajamalai Wildlife Sanctuary:
The well-known sanctuary near Munnar, just 4kms from the Munnar - Udumalpettu road. It is situated at the crest of Anamalai range. It has the largest population of rare Nilgiri Tahr existing in the world now. The rare species popularly known as 'Neelakurinji' grows here. Neelekurinji has a unique feature of flowering in twelve years.

Idukki Arch Dam:
It is the first double curvature Arch dam in India. It is also the world's second and Asia's first and largest arch dam built across the Kuravan and Kurathi hills at 555 feet in height.
Idukki Wild life Sanctuary:
It covers an area of 70 sq. kms. and is smaller than the famous Periyar National Park which is also in the same district. The enchanting lake surrounding the sanctuary add to the scenic beauty of the region. It has good collection of sambar, elephants and other animals.
Periyar Wild life Sanctuary, Thekkadi:
It is the most popular wildlife sanctuary of the country and is also India's southern most tiger reserve. The sanctuary spreads over an area of 777 sq. kms. is situated. There you can see more than 1965 species of flowering plants, 143 species of orchids and 171 species of grass. Among the roaming wild animals are Gaur, Sambar, Wild Elephants, Deer, Wild bear, etc. The beautiful artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam built across the Periyar river provides a splendid view.
Mangaladevi temple :
The ancient temple stands in the dense forest at the top of a peak 1337 meters above the sea level is an example of the grand Temple architecture of Kerala. It is located about 15 km from Thekkady. At Chithra Pournami festival the devotees rush to the temple. A visit to the temple requires permission from wildlife warden, Thekkady who can be contacted over phone 2322027.

This is a popular place of plantations, 18km from Thekkady. The periyar river crosses along beautifully through the centre of the twon facilitating a high yield from the tea, coffee and pepper plantations of the region. It is an important trade centre.
The name Vandanmedu is familiar among the cardamom traders as it is one of the world's largest auction centres. Teh place is filled with cardamom plantations whose enchanting fragrance greets every bypasser. Peerumedu: Peerumedu is a small hill station on the way to Thekkady. It is a fertile land at an altitude of 914 metres. This tiny and cool hill station is full of rubber, tea, coffee, pepper and cardamom plantations. Peeru hills: just 1 Km from Kuttikkanam and about 4 km from Peerumedu. this place is named in memory if an Islamic Saint Peer muhammed. The saint is believed to have spent his last days on his wonderful place where his Mausoleum can also be found.
Munnar - Hill station:
It is 129 kms from Kochi, with an altitude ranging from 1600 to 1800 metres above sea level.
Devikulam :
Just 7 km from munnar, this place has a natural mineral water lake known as the 'Sita Devi Lake'. This is a serene hill station with all the richness of a typical ghat region.
This place is the first Hydro Electric Project of the State and situated 8km from Munnar. Tha place abounds in natural beauty.
This place, just 9 km from Munnar, is famous for its beautiful waterfalls and serene hills. This place is situated in between Munnar and Pallivasal.
This is a enchanting place with a lake and a dam. Tea plantation is also well-known here. There is a highly specialised dairy farm - The Indo- Swiss Livestock Project.
Eravikulam National Park:
This park spans over an area of 97 sq. km in the Devikulam Taluk about 15 km from Munnar. This place again abounds in flora and fauna. The Anamudi Peak, 2695 m above the sea level is sityated here.
It is 40 km from munnar sends the scent of sandal in the air. Here you can see natural growth of sandalwood Trees. The Forest department runs a sandalwood factory. There are also wonderful caves whose walls are adorned with painting and sculptures relating to the 'New Stoneage Civilization'. There is a children's park and a huge banyan trees. Thoovanam waterfalls and the Rajiv Gandhi National Park are very near here.
Situated about 28 Km from Thodupuzha, the waterfalls here flow sown a flight of seven steps in a captivating cascade forming a pool beneath each step.


Kochi, also known as the 'Queen of Arabian sea 'is the most important commercial place. It is also the most cosmopolitan city of Kerala. The Chinese fishing nets, Dutch buildings, Portuguese artistic,British monuments, etc. add the beauty of Cochin.
Bolghatty Island : Bolghatty is the palace built by the Dutch in 1744. It is a beautiful small island. The palace is now a hotel run by KTDC. It is an attractive picnic place with green lush and backwaters. There is also a small golf course and special honeymoon cottages.
Willingdon Island : It is created by the settling down of the material dredged during the deepening of the Cochin Harbour. It is an important part of Cochin as most of the port offices, customs house, railway terminals are situated in this island.
Hill Palace Museum : Situated at Thripunithura 10 km. away from Cochin. This palace belongs to the Maharaja of Kochi. Many articles related to the kingdom are exhibited here.


Ernakulam the 'Gateway of Cochin' is regarded as the 'Commercial capital of Kerala'. The Naval Base and Cochin Shipyard are located here. It also contains beautiful parks, children playgrounds and beach side pavements.
Mangalavanam : This mangrove forest on the Dr. Salim Ali Rd. has a small bird sanctuary.
Marine drive : From here one can enjoy the views of nearby islands as well as the merchant ships and the cruise liner halting for fuelling. It is the main business and shopping area. A park avenue is located her with several parks.
Parikshith Thampuran Museum : It is located at Durbar Hall road, near shiva Temple, Ernakulam. A good collection of coins, bronzes, copies of murals, and megalithic relics of Kerala are displayed here.


Museum of Kerala history &Its makers : It is a fine representation of the rich historical legacy of Kerala. An impressive image of the mythological sage Parasuram, the creator of Kerala is set outside the museum. The Sound and Light show held here is accompanied by commentaries in English and Malayalam.


Jewish synagogue & Jew Town : This is built in 1568 and is the oldest in the country. It was destroyed in 1662 during the Portuguese raid and rebuilt after 2 years by the Dutch.
Jew Town : The area around the synagogue is known as Jew Town. It is the centre of spice trade and curio shop.
Dutch Fort : It is Built by the Portuguese and presented to Cochin Maharajah -Raja Veerakerala Varma in 1568.This building is renovated by the Dutch and given the name Dutch Fort.

Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary

Located 12 km. from Kothamangalam and about 58 km from Cochin city. The sanctuary covers an area of 25 sq. km. stretching between the branches of river Periyar. This one of the famous Bird-Sanctuaries in Kerala.

Vypin Island & light house

It is one of the most densely populated island of the country and the southern part of the island fall within the city limits. The light house located at Ochanthuruth affords a view of the Cochin city and Aluva town. It is accessible by boat services.
Pallipuram Fort : It is located on the northern end of the island was built by the Portuguese in 1503 and is said to be the first fort built in India by the Europeans.
Cherai Beach : Most famous beach of Kochi. This beach boders the Vypin island. And is suitable for swimming. It locates near North Paravur town.
Munambam Beach : Located about 3 km away from Cherai beach. The famous Periyar river is joining to the Arabian sea at Munambam. You can see the beautiful array of chinese fishing nets here. Around 1 KM long bridge beautifully decorated and seating arrangements to see the sunset are the main attraction to this place.


Trichur the 'Cultural Capital' of Kerala has been of great religious and cultural significance for many centuries. The district is endowed with rich history and culture and has played an important role in the political history of South India. Thrissur is well known all over the world for its Pooram festival.

Vadakkunnathan Temple:

The temple is one of the oldest and largest temples in Kerala and a classical example of Kerala style of architecture with beautiful murals delineating graphically, various episodes from the Mahabharata and wood carvings and art pieces of immense historical value.. This is one of Kerala's most ancient shrines. It preserves and respects an amazing Mahalingam concealed under a huge mound of ghee. Pouring of ghee on the idol is the main ritualistic offering in the sanctum sanctorum. Miraculously the ghee never melts even though it gets heat from the atmosphere and the burning wicks. Parts of ghee mound are said to be over thousand year old.
Pooram : Trichur pooram festival is the major attraction, celebrated during April-May, the Elephant umbrella competition is spectacular as beautifully decorated elephants carrying ceremonial umbrellas, takes the deity on a chariot around the main temple. The nearby Paramekkavu Bhagavathi Temple and Thiruvambadi Krishna Temple are also participants in the festivals. Excellent fireworks are on display during the celebration.


It is famous for the Kerala Kalamandalam, established by poet Sri Vallathol Narayana Menon in 1930. The centre imparts training in various traditional art forms like Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, Koodiyattam, Thullal and folk dances.


It is situated 1km away from the town. A number of Indian and exotic animals are kept here. It includes a vast number of deer, monkeys, peacocks, leopards, snakes, hippopotamus, etc. Zoo opens for public at 10 am. and closes at 5 pm.
Museum : It is situated adjacent to the zoo. A collection of articles related to olden days are found here.

Peechy Dam

This place is 24 Km away from Thrissur. The dam and wild life sanctuary attract tourists. There is a beautiful garden also.

Chimmini wild life sanctuary

Nearly 35 Km from Thrissur. The dense tropical forests here is very famous. The dam across the chimmini river offers a breathtaking view.


Located 31 km. north-west of Thrissur. This is a major Hindu pilgrim centre. It is also known as the 'Dwaraka of south'. Main attraction is the famous Sree Krishna Swamy temple. The belief says that this temple was created by the teacher of Gods Brahaspathi (Deva Guru) and Vayu (God of winds). The Idol of the Lord Guruvayur is said it have been worshipped by Lord Brahma himself at Dwaraks.
Elephant-race is an important event of the festival. The Elephant who comes in the first place in the race, gets the right of carrying the Lord's replica during the ritualistic procession.
Guruvayoor Ekadasi is another important festival celebrated at the temple in the month of November/December ('Vrichikom'). This is an auspecious day because it is believed that on the Guruvayur Ekadasi day, Lord Krishna imparted the Gita to Arjuna.


Athirappilly waterfalls, the enchanting falls in Kerala, are often referred to as the Niagara Falls of India. This waterfall is in Trichur District. It is situated on the Chalakudy river, which originates in the upper reaches of the Western Ghats They come falling down from a height of 80 feet.


Palakkad is one of the beautiful district of Kerala and is situated at the foot of the gigantic Western Ghats. It is a land of mountains, forests, rivers, mountain streams, palm trees and paddy fields
Tippu's Fort
This fort is built by Hyder Ali of Mysore in 1766. It is also known as Palakkad Fort

This is a beautiful picnic spot. There is a dam built on the river Bharathapuzha and beautifully landscaped gardens. It is 12 kms away from palakkad city and frequent buses are available from Palakkad. ..
This is very famous wildlife sanctuary in India and It is a habitat to elephants, sambar, wild boar, guar, crocodiles, bison, tigers and panthers. There are also bonnet macaques, kraits, turtles, darters, spectacled cobras, vipers, little cormorants and black eagles. You can enjoy an exciting ride boat cruising on the marshes inside the sanctuary.
It is a beautiful hill station around 60 km away from Palakkad in the Nelliampathy forest ranges. This forest range constitutes a series of ridges cut off from one another by valleys of evergreen rain forests.


Kozhikode or Calicut has great historical importance. The great explorer Vasco-Da-Gama landed here in 1498 AD. This city was once the capital of the great Zamorins. The district is gifted with natural wonders and artificial splendours. The museum and art Gallery here is a treasure of antique furniture and objects. The importance given to science, engineering and technology is apparent from the 'Regional Science Centre'. The beach resorts attract both the locals and the visitors. It is an industrially developed district. It is well-known for timber industry.

Nearby Interesting Places of Kozhikode

Pazhassiraja Museum and Art Gallery

It is located at east hill, 5 kms. from Kozhikode. The museum includes copies of ancient mural paintings, stone umbrellas, antique bronzes, temple models and an awesome pictures of a glorious past.


This place about 10km South of Kozhikode, at Chaliyar river mouth was an important harbour of the olden times. The 'Uru' or the 'Arabian Trading Vessel' here is one of the by-products of a 1500 years old tradition.

Kozhikode Beach

It is a pleasure to watch the Sunset from here. The old lighthouse and the two piers leaping into the sea each of which is over a hundred years old, the lions park for kids adn the marine aquarium for the kids and the grown ups alike, all add to the pleasure.


The beautiful bridge if steel built by the British here, stood the weather. this was once an important trading centre of Timber.


This place, 16 km from Kozhikode, commands a place in the pages of history as it is here that the great explorer Vasco-Da-Gama set foot on Indian soil along with 170 assistants in three vessels on the 27th of May, 1498. The local name of the rocky beach is Kappakadavu. The temple on a rock which protrudes into the sea, is believed to have been built about 800 years ago.

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary

Exotic species of birds make their homes, between November and April at this river - mouth region


The massive rock here forbade the portugese invaders as it offered the ideal footage to the Marrakas to counter attack the intrudes. Once, the entire crew of a Portugese warship was annihilated here. The rock with natural engraving is a real excitement.


This is also a beautiful beach, a favourite haunt of solitude seekers, near Velliyamkallu. This is the native place of Indias 'Payyoli Express' ie. the famous athlet Smt.P. T. Usha.


Malappuram was the military headquarters of the well known Zamorians of Kozhikode and later it became the headquarters of British troops which is about 50Kms afar from Kozhikode. This district is Bounded by the Nilgiri Hills in the east, Kozhikode district on the North, Arabian Sea on the West and Thrissur and Palakkad districts on the South. It has historic and archeological importance. Malappuram district has been declared as India's first computer-literate village.

Interesting Places in Malappuram


Kottakkal, the name mention the thought of Aryavaidya sala founded by Vaidyarathnam in 1902. This is a century old Charitable Institution engaged in the practice and propagation of Ayurveda, the ancient health care system of India, has branches throughout the State and other major cities of India. It specialises in the Kerala's traditional system of health and medicine and runs an Ayurvedic research centre, a nursing home an a hospital.


It is the birth place of the 'Father of Malayalam language', Thunchath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan. He is highly venerated and even the sand of his birthplace is considered to be sacred.
It is a major trading centre of fish and betel leaf.
Wagon Tragedy
Tirur railway station is a witness for the heart breaking 'wagon tragedy' of the 1921 rebellion as the British police carried 61 if the 70 revolutionists in a fully closed airtight railway goods wagon to pothanur on November 10, 1921 and thus killed more than fifty persons by suffocation.The wagons were returned with the dead bodies to Tirur.


The town located near Perinthalmanna, on the Chennai - Kozhikide route is an important religious centre for both Hindus and Muslims. The principal dieties of the Thirumadhankunnu temple are Goddess Bhagavathi and Lord Shiva. Tali temple is the other important shine in the town. The Puthanangadi mosque has Arabic inscriptions engraved on one of its planks.


Kadampuzha is famous for the Bhagavathy temple. It have been established by Adishankara, a great religious reformer of hinduism.


It lies 8 kms. south of tirur and is famous for Thirunavaya Navamukunda temple and annual Sarvodaya Mela.


It is famous for its forests, rivers, waterfalls and teak plantations. World's oldest teak plantation is located at Nilambur, called Conolly's Plot..


The name Wayanad is derived from the expression 'Wayalnadu' which means a land of paddy fields. the Kabini river system of Wayand is the perennial source of water to Cauvery. This district enjoys the beauty of delightful landscape. It is covered with thick forests varies between 700 and 2100m above sea level.
The Banasura Project in this district hold an exclusive earth dam which will be the largest in India and the second largest in the world.
This is also the land of tribals with the highest concentration of tribal population in Kerala. There are a number of ancient temples, rock caves relating to the stone-age era, churches, mosques and antique monuments.

Other Interesting Places of Wayanad


It is the headquarters of Wayanad district. The famous 'Ananthaswami Jain' Temple is situated at Puliyarmala near kalpetta.

Erulam Sita Devi Temple

Situated at Pullapally about 8km from Sulthan Bathery, the temple is dedicated to Goddess Sita the divine consort to Lord Rama in the sacred epic, "The Ramayana" and their two Holy sons Lava and Kusha. In the 2 day festival, thira Utsavam, 'Theyyams' present ritual dances to invoke the diety.

Pazhassi Tomb

32 Km north east of Kalpetta, this tomb stands majestically as the memorial of 'Veera Pazhassi Raja' who is rightly remembered as 'the Lion of Kerala' who was instrumental in the famous 'Guerilla' warfare against the East India company. Pullapally cave gains historic importance since it was here the British captured Pazhassi Raja at last.

Sri Thirunelli Temple

About 30 Km from Mananthavady, this temple also known as Sahayamalakshetra is surrounded by beautiful thick forests. A two day festival is celebrated annually.


Known as Kuruva islands is situated about 17 km East of Mananthavady and 45 km Northwest of Sulthan bathery is this 950 acre of gracious islands uninhabited and hence untarnished in its naturak richness complimented by the serene river Kabani. It is no wonder that the picnic makers are overwhelmed by the pleasant experience. This sylvan stretch is marked by orchids, herbs and birds.


About 10 km from Tirunelly, this is a centre for bird watching. the watch tower offers a better view of some rare species. Reaching the place on foot is the only means to get there.

Chembra Park

This is the highest peak in the district at 2100m above sea level. It is an ideal place for trekking.

Banasura Project

About 25km North east of Kalpetta, this place 'Padinjarethara' is where the construction of the largest earth dam in India and the second largest in Asia. The magnificent site is also the venue of a fascinating sanctuary where perpetually blooming trees with their fabulous flowers add charm to the colour.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Abundant in flora and fauna the sanctuary with a variety of wildlife forms an integral part of the nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and in making inroads in the conservation of the regional biological heritage, the purpose it is intended for. It is adjacent to the protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur on the northeast and the Mudumalai of Tamilnadu on the Southwest. The lifestyle of the tribals and others of the region have appropriately been taken into account by the management. Visitors to this sanctuary are required to obtain permission from the wildlife warden, Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, Sulthan Bathery.

Sultan's Battery ( Sulthan Bathery )

Sulthan Bathery is a historic town in the Wynad district of Kerala and is situated at about 930 metres above the sea level. It has beautiful hills across the horizon. It has witnessed many bloody battles, fire and fury. Those were the turbulent years when history was being created by Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore. 

Edakkal Caves

12km from Sulthan Bathery, the two beautiful caves with their walls adorned with pictograph of the new stone-age era, at an altitude of 1000m on Ambukutty near Ambalavayal bears testimony to the ancient civilisation that thrived here. Reaching the marvelous caves calls for a trek of about 1km from edakkal. Morning hours are ideal for a visit and the entry closes by 17.00hrs.


Brahmagiri, a trekker's paradise is a vast area of scenic wild-land forming part of the Western Ghats. It is 11km trek from Tirunelli. Brahmagiri lies 1600m above sea level. Pakshipathalam and Munimala are the other attractions. The thirunelli Mahavishnu Temple popularly called Thenkasi or Dakshin Gaya nestles in the lap of Brahmagiri.

The Glass temple of Kottamunda

This temple about 20km from Kalpetta, dedicated to Parswanatha Swamy, third Thirthankara of the jain Faith has an interesting feature. The interior walls are fixed with mirrors in such an array that they reflect the icons of the Sanctum Sanctorum.


About 5 km south of Vythiri, this calm and cool hill station, the gateway to Wayanad, at an altitude of about 700m forming a border to the Thamarasseri Ghat Pass is an enchanting place with looming peaks, splashing streams and thick forests.

Boys Town

This beautiful town is the outcome of the conscientious efforts of the Wayanad Social Service Society. It is 15km north of Mananthavady. Nature care centre, Herbal Garden, Seri culture unit, Perma culture centers, etc. are the treasures of the town along with Jean Park, the Indo- Danish project for promoting herbal garden.


Kannur is one of the most important sea coast town of Kerala in India. This ancient port town is situated about 317 Km from Kochi and 92 Km from Kozhikode. Kannur is a town of great historical importance and was the capital of the Kolathiri Rajas for many centuries. It was once a premier port of ancient Kerala. Marco Polo, the great explorer, has referred to Kannur as 'a great Emporia of spice trade'. It came into full political lime light in the 15th century with the arrival of the Portuguese. The St. Angelo's fort is a landmark of Kannur.

St. Angelo's fort:

The fort is a massive triangular structure built on late-rite with a ditch and strong flanking bastions. It was built in 1505, by the first Portuguese Viceroy, Don Francisco De Almeda with the consent of the ruling Kolathiri Raja. The Dutch captured the fort from the Portuguese in 1663 and sold it to Ali Raja of Cannanore in 1772, from whom it was captured by the British in 1790. The British rebuilt the fort and made it their most important military station in Malabar.

Dharmadam Island:

This island was formed by the confluence of Tellichery and Anjanakandi rivers, north of Thalassery Town. This island has been of considerable importance to the Commerce in Thalassery in the past.


Ezhimala is situated 55 Km away from Cannanore town at a height of 885 feet with a conspicuous isolated cluster of hills. At the foot of the hills is an old burial chamber and a cave. Father up the hills there is an ancient mosque. Sculptured stone pillars can be seen around here. Ezhimala and its suburbs are noted for some rare medicinal herbs.

Thalassery (Tellichery)

Thalassery is located 60 km north of Kozhikode. The English East India Company established its settlement on the Malabar coast here in 1683.. The Thalassery Fort was built in the early 18th century. The German Scholar Dr. Herman Gundert built a church on Netur Hills in 1889.


Near Thalassery, this was a trading centre established by the Frech in the 17th century. It is a very small territory on the west coast between Tellichery and Badagara under the administrative control of the union territory of Pondichery. It is about 9 sq. km. in area and the liquor shops in Mahe are a hang-over of the French rule.


Parassinikadavu is a picturesque place situated on the banks of river, 22 km, away from Cannanore. The Parassinikkadavu madapura Sri Muthapan temple is an important pilgrim centre of Kerala. This is the only temple in Kerala where 'Theyyam' a form of dance is displayed daily. Pooja is held from 5 a.m. to 8 a.m. and from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. during which Theyyam can be seen. Non-Hindus are also allowed to watch the performance inside the temple. The annual festival of the temple falls in November/December. The Kathakali club in the temple will arrange Kathakali performance on request. The duration of the show is 2.5 hrs after 11 pm.
The Parassinikkadavu snake park is near the temple. It has three snake pits and 15 glass cases for the snakes and two big glass houses for King Cobras. The park will be open from 9 am. to 5.30 pm. on all days.
The Govt. Guest House and PWD Rest House are situated at Payyambalam, 3 km. away from the central bus stand.
The nearest airport is at Calicut (Karipur). It is an important railhead of the Southern railway. Kannur is connected by road with the major centres of South India.


Kasargod is the northern most district of Kerala in India. It also has a long history of Islamic culture and influence. The Malik Deenar Mosque is of historic importance. The town is situated on the sea coast 420 Km away from Cochin and 50 Km. away from Mangalore. There is a railway station here and the nearest airport is at Mangalore.

Bekkal Fort:

This magnificent fort with its circular laterite structure about 130 ft. is situated 16 km south of Kasargod on the National Highway. The Bekkal fort is of great historical and archaeological interest. This is the largest and best preserved fort of Kerala. This fort overlooking the Arabian Sea was built 300 years ago. It was in ancient days under the Kadampa dynasty and later under the Kolathiri Rajas. Subsequently it became a part of the Vijayanagar Empire. Tippu Sultan captured this fort in the late 18th century. After the overthrow of Tippu Sultan Bekkal was incorporated into the domain of the English East India Company. The fort is now managed by the archeological department of the Government of India. Bekkal is also a health resort. An old mosque is also situated very near to the fort and it is believed to have been founded by Tippu Sultan.

Chandragiri Fort:

Chandragiri lies south east of Kasargod town. It has a large square fort situated by the side of a river. The fort was built in the 17th century by Sivappa Nayak of Bedanore who established his authority over the area and built a chain of forts. A mosque is situated nearby and there is an ancient temple here which is known as Kizhur State Temple. The important festival which is celebrated in this temple is Pathu Ulsavam. The temple is also connected with the Thrikkanaya temple at Bekkal. For the annual Jatra, the deity of Kiizhur is taken to Thrikkanaya and after the Ulsavam it is returned to its abode.

Ananthapura Lake Temple :

This is situated about 30 km from Bakel, this ancient temple amidst a serene lake belongs to the 9th century. The legent has it that this temple is the original abode, known as the 'Moolasthanam' of Sri Padmanabha Swamy, the presiding deity of the temple at Thiruvanthapuram.

Govinda Pai Memmorial:

The memmorial of Late Sri. Govonda Pai, the grant patriarch of Kannada literature is situated at Manjeswaram. At Manjeswaram there are 15 mosque one of which is attributed to Malik Ibn Dinar.

Madiyankulam temple:

It is situated near Kanjangad in Hosdurg. The main diety of the temple is Bhadrakali. The festivals in this temple falls during the month of May/June and December/January. The most ceremoniously performed Bhutha dance is held here in connection with the festival. There is another temple at Adoor known as Sree Mahalingeswara temple which is situated in picturesque surroundings on the southern banks of the river Payaswini. It contains a sanskrit inscription in Kannada script which has been ascribed to the Western Chalukya King Kirthivarma II by scholars.

Malik Deenar Mosque :

This historic mosque, the Jumma Masjid is believed to have been built by Malik Ibn Dinar. It is rich in Kerala style of Architecture and is located in Thalankar, Kasargode id reversed as the west coast centre of Islam.
There are rest house at Kasargod and Kanjangadu. There are also midrange hotels in Kasargod town.
The nearest Airport is at Mangalore, 50 km away. International airport at Nedumbassery, Cochin is 376 km south.

Wednesday, October 20, 2010

Athirappalli & Vazhachal,

Location :
Athirappalli 63 km from Thrissur
Athirappalli waterfalls is one of the most sought after picnic spots in Kerala. Located in Thrissur district, 1000 ft above sea level, at the entrance to the Sholayar ranges of the Western Ghats , Athirappalli is a scenic combination of forests and little streams. Falling from a height of 80 feet, this is one of the largest waterfalls in the state.
Getting there :
:Athirappalli is accessible by a good motorable road from Thrissur (63 kms)
Nearest railway stations : Thrissur (63 kms)
Nearest airport : Cochin International Airport (58 kms). 
Location :
63 km from Thrissur. Athirappalli and Vazhachal, the two scenic and popular waterfalls on the edge of the Sholayar forest ranges are just 5 km apart.
The Athirappalli Falls joins the Chalakkudy river after plummeting down a drop of 80 feet. Vazhachal is part of the Chalakkudy river. Both the waterfalls, their cool, misty waters cascading down in the backdrop of thick green forest and rocky terrain, are a scintillating experience to visitors.
Getting there :
A good motorable road takes you to Vazhachal and Athirappalli from either Kochi or Thrissur town.
Nearest railway station : Thrissur, about 63 km.
Nearest airports : Cochin International Airport , about 58 km from Thrissur.


Though backwater tourism in the state has always been associated with canals of Alleppey, a cruise through the serpentine waterways of Kollam is sure to enmesh you in an eternal love triangle.
Placid lakes with beautiful and luxurious houseboats, lush green-fringed palms rippling on the emerald green waters and Chinese fishing nets patiently waiting for their prey, all make Kollam an ideal destination for the tourists.
Kollam, formerly known as Quilon, is an old seaport town on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake with places mired deeply in history. It was regarded by Ibn Batuta as one of the finest five ports he had ever seen.
Quilon has maintained a commercial reputation from ancient times. Phoenicians, Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans and Chinese traded with this port. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading center at Kollam, followed by the Dutch and the English.
Velu Thampy, the Dalawa of Travancore, did much for the improvement of Kollam town. He built new bazaars and invited merchants from Madras and Thirunelveli to settle there.
Kollam later became the capital of the enlightened and liberal rulers of Desinganadu.
Considering the ever increasing demand of 'Backwater Tourism', the Kollam District Tourism Council has introduced several steps to promote Kollam as the embarkment to the languid backwaters of Kerala. 

Places of interest include Thangassery, a fishing port, 5 km away from Kollam. Palaruvi, 5 km from Ariankavu has a beautiful 300 feet silver cascade. Oachira temple is an important pilgrim center.
The Matha Anulthanandamayi Ashram at Vallikkavu, the residence and headquarters of Sri Matha Amrithanandamayi Devi, one of the most prominent spiritual leaders of India also offers solace to the spiritually-inclined travelers.
Mayyanad, 10 km south of Quilon, is also noted for its shrines and temples. There are about nine temples here and the most noted among them is the one at Umayanalloor, dedicated to Lord Subramanya. The shrine is said to have been consecrated by Sree Sankaracharya.
The Ananda Valleswaram temple attracts people on almost all days.
There are also several churches and mosques in and around Kollam. One of the oldest and most important mosques in the town is the Chirmakkada Palli.
Mahatma Gandhi beach and park, Thirumullavararn beach and Ashramarn picnic village are some of the most important spots of local sight-seeing. The Sasthankotta Lake , the only freshwater lake in the state, is here.


Location :
15 km from Munnar.
Visiting hours:
7:00 am to 6:00 pm .
Attractions :
A sanctuary for the endangered mountain goat of South India , the Nilgiri Tahr ( Hemitragus hylocrious), the Eravikulam National Park stands out for the stark beauty of its rolling grasslands and sholas, spread over 97 sq km in the Rajamalai hills. Anamudi, the highest peak (2695 m) south of the Himalayas , towers over the sanctuary in majestic pride.
The slopes of the hills abound in all kinds of rare flora and fauna. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is a unique inhabitant of the park. Other rare species of fauna found here are the Nilgiri Langur, the liontailed macaque, leopards, tigers, etc. An ideal place for trekking, facilities are provided here and tourists are allowed to go on foot up to Anamudi.
A protected area, the sanctuary is divided into three regions the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area Rajamalai the region lying beyond the road entry into Eravikulam. Here one can observe the Nilgiri Tahr at close quarters. Don't make this your destination for a monsoon visit because visitors are not allowed here during this season.
Getting there
Nearest railway stations: Kottayam, about 142 km from Munnar; Ernakulam, about 130 km from Munnar.
Nearest airports: Madurai (Tamilnadu) about 142 km; Cochin International Airport , about 150 km.


The Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary universally known as the Thattekad Sanctuary is located in the Kothamangalam Taluk of Ernakulam district on the northern bank of the Periyar River . Close to Munnar along the lower reaches of the Western Ghats , the sanctuary magnetizes nature enthusiast’s chiefly bird watchers in hordes. Thattekad was developed due to the persistent labors of India 's birdman Dr Salim Ali. The sanctuary was notified in 1983 based on a proposal made by Dr. Salim Ali many years earlier. Dr. Ali portrayed Thattekad in the 1930's as the richest bird haunt in peninsular India . Ever since then much of the woodland has been preoccupied for cultivation -teak and mahogany plantation but what endures gives an indication of the unique bird multiplicity of the once prevalent lowland forests of Kerala.

How To Reach :

The sanctuary is 13 km north-east of Kothamangalam along the Pooyamkutti road. The nearest railway station is Aluva at a distance of 48 km. Kochi ; the new airport at Nedumbassery is probably the closest. Kothamangalam is well linked by privately functioning buses to Ernakulam via Muvattupuzha or Perumbavoor. There are recurrent buses from Kothamangalam to Thattekad. Construction of the bridge across the Periyar River has been recently completed.
There is a three storied watch tower within the Sanctuary with two beds, a toilet and a kitchen. Here there no electricity but there are a few solar powered lamps. A forest department inspection bungalow called “Hornbill” is sited near the sanctuary entrance. There is a dormitory just inside the sanctuary which is perfect for large groups. Accommodation is also available at the PWD rest house near the Bhoothathankett Dam and in lodges in Kothamangalam.
Tropical evergreen forests, tropical semi-evergreen forests and tropical deciduous forests create this sanctuary. The entire milieu is made delightful by the melodic high pitch notes of assorted attractive birds. It is so much calming and soothing that you will love to come here again & again. The exceptional backdrop amid the tuneful notes is the exact situate to unwind.
Around 210 species of birds have been recognized here so far. Birds like - Indian Roller, Cuckoo, Common snipe, Crow pheasant, Jungle Nightjar, Kite, Grey Drongo, Malabar Trogon, Woodpecker, Large pied wagtail, Baya sparrow, Grey jungle fowl, Indian hill myna, Robin, Jungle babbler and darter are found here. Crimson-throated Barbet, Bee-eater, Sun bird, Shrike, Fairy blue bird, Grey-headed fishing eagle, Black winged kite, Night heron, Grey heron, Common Grey Hornbill and Malabar Hornbill are among some of the rarer birds that are found here. In addition the Thattekad Bird Sanctuary also accommodates mammals like - Elephant, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Porcupine.
Boat Cruise :
Although lately established Thattekad is one of the most significant bird sanctuaries in South India . A boat cruise from Bhoothathankettu to Thattekad is a cherished experience through the evergreen forests nesting migrant and native birds.


Located in the Kundali Hills of the Western Ghats, the Silent Valley National Park holds a valuable reserve of rare plants and herbs. The park is rich in its wildlife, and elephants, lion-tailed macaques and tigers are the most common denizens of this park. A visit to this park should be considered a lifetime experience, as this is the last representative virgin tract of tropical evergreen forests in India.
Attractions :
FLORA IN SILENT VALLEY- On the basis of altitude, one can divide the vegetation types in four different categories. The tropical evergreen forests comprise extensive dense forests along the hills and valleys. The sub tropical hill forests take the areas of higher altitude while the temperate forests are characterized by the unrelated evergreen species with a dense closed canopy. The grasslands are mainly limited to the higher slopes and hilltops in the eastern sector.  
FAUNA IN SILENT VALLEY- The park has a strong fauna population with many of the endangered species residing here. Most commonly seen here are elephant, tiger, lion-tailed macaque, gaur, wild pig, panther and sambar. Some other species of wildlife have also been recorded here including 15 species of invertebrates, two fishes, and two amphibians.  
The park has a total of 26 species of mammals and 120 species of avifauna, many of them considered endangered. Apart from these, there are 11 species of snakes, 19 species of amphibians, and nine species of lizards in the park


Velkali is one of the most detailed and dramatic martial folk arts of Kerala and is usually performed within the temple premises. It is called thirumumbil vela when performed before the deity and kulathilvela when performed near the temple pond. Fifty or more performers dressed in the traditional attire of soldiers, bearing colorful shields and swords or long canes, dance in war like rhythm in perfect beat of the thakil, suddha maddalam, elathalam, kuzhal and trumpets. A few fighting techniques of Kalaripayattu are also presented in the course of the performance.


Kalaripayattu is the complete system of martial arts of Kerala. It is considered as one of the oldest and most scientific martial arts in the world. The training of Kalaripayattu aims at the perfect co-ordination of body and mind and the traditional training in a Kalari include specialization in the indigenous medical practices too. Kalaris are also centers of religious worship.

Kalampattu or Kalamezhuthu Pattu

Kalampattu or Kalamezhuthu Pattu is a folk art form that is practiced in the northern parts of Kerala. More than 600 years old art form, it is performed by a group of five to fifteen people in the Bhadrakali and Ayyappa temples. The ritual is performed around the Kolam, which is an elaborate picture usually of Bhadrakali drawn on the floor with the use five colors. The dance is performed in the light of temple torches continue all through the night. A series of songs or kalampattu are sung to the accompaniment of nanthuni and elathalams.


Mohiniyattam is a classical solo dance style, which is a blend of the grace and elegance of Bharata Natyam with the strength and force of Kathakali to build a mood of sringara or romance. The dance is usually performed on specially made stages during the temple festivals. The costume for the dance is the traditional white mundu and melmundu of Kerala and with the hairs gathered up at one side of the head and adorned with jasmine flowers in the traditional style.
 Koothu is marked for the presence of comic element, which adds to its dramatic character. The costume worn during the performance is colorful and unconventional with an unusual headgear.


Kathakakli is the classical dance drama of Kerala based on the guidelines laid in the Natya Sastra. This elaborate art form is usually begins in the evenings and continues till dawn. It is an inherent part of all temple and cultural festivals in Kerala. The costumes and makeup are ornamental, colorful and elaborate so that the gestures and expressions of the performer are easily seen and understood. The performers do not speak or sing but enact the story through hand gestures, graceful body movements and facial expressions especially of the eyes.
The themes of this dance form are from rich and vibrant mythology of Indian culture. Music is an essential feature of Kathakali and two vocalists are there who sing to the beats of a chengila (gong), elathalam (small cymbals), chenda and maddalam.


Chakyarkoothu, also called koothu, is one of the oldest classical theatre arts of Kerala. It is a solo dance is usually performed in the koothambalam of temples to the accompaniment of the mizhavu and elathalam. The performance starts with the invocation of the presiding deity of the temple. The narration of the story, generally picked from the Epics, is portrayed with the thandava dance movements, gestures and facial expression according to the guidelines given in the Natya Sastra.
Koothu is marked for the presence of comic element, which adds to its dramatic 
character. The costume worn during the performance is colorful and unconventional 
with an unusual headgear.

Bharata Natyam

Bharata Natyam is the oldest form of classical dance in India. Origin of this style of dance can be traced to the Natya Sastra written around 4000 BC by sage Bharatha. Known as the 'Poetry in Motion', this dance form was originally known as 'dasi attam,' a temple dance performed by young women called 'devadasis.' Bharata Natyam is most commonly performed by women rarely by men. Strict guidelines are laid down describing every single aspect of the dance form including the attributes required to be an accomplished dancer.


About 15 km from Kannur and 8 km from Thalasseri, Kannur district, North Kerala.

The Muzhapilangad beach which stretches across four kilometres of sand is a drive-in-beach where one can drive down the entire length. Calm and serene, the place is secluded and remains unexplored. Huge black rocks scattered here protect this long beach from the deep currents, and form a tranquil pool of shallow waters that is a swimmer's paradise. The palm groves fringing the beach are a cool hideaway from the tropical sun.

Getting there: Muzhapilangad beach is just a kilometre to the West of National Highway 17.

Nearest railway station: Kannur, an important railhead of Southern Railway.
Nearest airport: Kozhikode International Airport, about 93 km from Kannur town.


This month's issue features first of the four trails in the northern district of Wayanad as conceived and promoted by Wayanad Tourism Organization (WTO) an organization taking the lead role in fostering a culture of 'responsible and sustainable tourism' in Wayanad.

Of the four trails, we would like to introduce first the 'Outdoor Trail', which would cover the following locations in the District of Wayanad.

Chembra Peak

At a height of 2100 metres, the towering Chembra Peak is located near Meppadi in the southern part of Wayanad. It is the tallest of peaks in the region and climbing this peak would test ones physical prowess. The climb up the Chembra Peak is an exhilarating experience, as each stage in the climb unfolds great expanses of Wayanad and the view gets wider as one goes up to its summit. Going up and coming down the peak would take a full day. Those who would like camp at the top are assured of an unforgettable experience.

Those who require camping gear may contact the District Tourism Promotion Council, located at Kalpetta in Wayanad.


Located in the southeastern part of Wayanad, and approachable from Kalpetta as well as Sulthan Bathery, Neelimala is a trekkers delight, with options for different trekking routes. At the top of Neelimala, the sight is a breathtaking one with a view to the Meenmutty falls located near by and the valley in the foreground.


Located close to Neelimala the spectacular Meenmutty falls can be reached through a 2 km trekking route from the main road connecting Ootty and Wayanad. It is the largest of waterfalls in the district of Wayanad, and adds to ones curiosity with its three stage falls dropping from about 300 metres.


Yet another waterfall that attracts visitors to Wayanad is the Chethalayam falls, located close to Sulthan Bathery in the northern part of Wayanad. This waterfall is smaller in size when compared to Meenmutty. The falls and the adjoining areas are ideal locales for trekking and a haunt for bird watchers.


Pakshipathalam is located deep within the forest in the Brahmagiri hills at an altitude of more than 1700 metres. The region predominantly comprises large boulders, some of them really massive. The deep caves found here are home to a wide variety of birds, animals and distinctive species of plants. Pakshipathalam is located near Mananthavady and a visit to the region would require a 7 km trek through the forest, starting from Thirunelli. Visitors to Pakshipathalam are to seek permission from the DFO- North Wayanad.

Banasura Sagar Dam

The dam at Banasura Sagar is reckoned as the largest earth dam in India. The dam is located in the southwestern part of Wayanad district and is close to the Karalad Lake. The project area of the Banasura Sagar Dam also has the start point for treks to the Banasura Peak. An interesting feature is a set of islands that were formed when the reservoir submerged the surrounding areas.

While you take in the captivating sights, sounds and fragrance of Wayanad, you may also shop for some specialities of Wayanad like spices, coffee, tea, bamboo products, honey and herbal plants.

For more details on 'Outdoor Trail' in Wayanad, please get in touch with Wayanad Tourism Organization.

General Secretary
Wayanad Tourism Organisation
Vasudeva Edom, Pozhuthana PO,
Wayanad, Kerala
Pin - 673575
Tel. +91-4936-255308, Fax.+91-4936-227341
E-mail: :


Varkala, a calm and quiet hamlet, lies on the outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram district. It has several places of tourist interests like a beautiful beach, a 2000-year-old Vishnu Temple and the ashramam - Sivagiri Mutt a little distance from the beach.

At the serene Varkala beach is a quiet sea resort rich in mineral water springs. A dip in the holy waters at this beach is believed to purge the body of impurities and the soul of all sins; hence the name 'Papanasam beach'.

A two thousand year old shrine the Janardhanaswamy Temple stands on the cliffs overlooking the beach, a short distance away. The Sivagiri Mutt, founded by the great Hindu reformer and Philosopher Sree Narayana Guru (1856 - 1928) is also close by. The Samadhi (the final resting place) of the Guru here attracts thousands of devotees every year during the Sivagiri Pilgrimage days - 30th December to 1st January. Sree Narayana Guru propagated the ideology: "one caste, one religion and one god", in a society torn by the taboos of caste system.

Varkala offers excellent accommodation facilities for tourists and is fast becoming a popular health resort with many Ayurvedic massage centres.

Attractions: Beach, mineral water springs, the Sivagiri Mutt and a 2000-yea- old Vishnu Temple.

Location: 51 km North of Thiruvananthapuram city and 37 km South of Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram district, South Kerala.

Getting there:

Nearest railway station: Varkala, about 3 km away.
Nearest airport: Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, about 57 km away.

Thekkady, Idukki

Thekkady, Idukki

Altitude: 900-1800 m above sea level
Rainfall: 2500 mm

The very sound of the word Thekkady conjures up images of elephants, unending chains of hills and spice scented plantations. In the Periyar forest of Thekkady is one of the finest wildlife reserves in India, and spread across the entire district are picturesque plantations and hill towns that hold great opportunities for treks and mountain walks.


There are frequent buses from Kumily (4 km away) to various tourist centres.

Distance of a few major towns from Thekkady

Kumily: 4 km (15 mts) Sabarimala via
Pullumedu: 50 km (2 hrs)
Idukki: 65 km (2 1/2 hrs)
Munnar: 106 km (4 hrs)
Kumarakom: 128 km (4 hrs) Sabarimala via
Erumeli: 134 km (4 hrs)
Kodaikanal: 149 km (5 hrs)
Alappuzha: 164 km (5 hrs)
Kollam: 220 km (6 hrs)
Ooty: 390 km (11 hrs)

Bus timings from Kumily:

Thekkady: 0930, 1045, 1130, 1200, 1230, 1330, 1530 hrs
Kumarakom: 0700 hrs
Munnar: 0600, 0945, 1330 hrs
Ernakulam: 0700, 1330, 1515, 1630,1715, 1930 hrs
Thiruvananthapuram (from Kumily): 0840, 1530, 1615 hrs; (from Thekkady): 0820, 1515 hrs
Kottayam: Frequent buses
Alappuzha:1115 hrs
Cherthala: 1415 hrs
Idukki:Frequent buses
Chennai: 1630, 1900 hrs
Pondicherry: 1630 hrs
Madurai: 0115, 0515, 0525, 0645, 0716, 0720, 0730, 0755, 0835, 0940, 1030, 1045, 1120, 1155, 1300, 1315, 1320, 1420, 1515, 1540, 1550, 1650, 1705, 1800, 1840, 1905, 2045 hrs
Dindigal: Frequent buses
Kodaikanal: There is no direct bus from Kumily to Kodaikanal. The Dindigal bus takes you to Vathalakundu from where there are frequent buses to Kodaikanal (149 km)
Trichy: 0855, 1045, 1925 hrs Palani: 0930, 1135, 1830, 1850 hrs.


Over 1965 flowering plants including 171 grass species 143 species of orchids the only South Indian conifer Podocarpus Wallichianus.


Mammals: Thirty five species including the wild elephant, gaur, sambar deer and wild boar which can be sighted from the boats the Nilgiri Tahr in the higher rocky areas the endangered lion tailed macaque confined to the evergreen interiors the bonnet macaque, Malabar giant squirrel, flying squirrel, tiger, jungle cat, sloth bear etc.

Birds:265 species including migrants. The hornbill, stork, woodpecker, kingfisher, raptor, cormorant, grackle, darter etc.

Reptiles:Cobra, viper, krait, a number of non poisonous snakes, and the monitor lizard.

Amphibians:Frogs, toads and limbless caecilians include the colourful Malabar gliding frog, common Indian toad, fungoid frog and bicoloured frog.

Pisces (fish): The Periyar lake and streams have several species of fish including the masheer, the famous and endangered game fish of India. The otter, the only mammal of the lake, can be frequently spotted from the boat.

Plantations:Tea, cardamom, pepper and coffee plantations surround the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.

The Sanctuary Watch Towers: There are two watch towers in the interior of the Periyar forest. Reservations can be made at the Forest Information Centre, Thekkady. Ph: 322028.

Permitting authority:The Wildlife Preservation Officer, Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady.